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    TYPES OF WOOD


    National walnut & Canaletto walnut:

    The most valuable and costly wood. The veining creates esthetic motifs that increase its value. It works well, although "it is more challenging than chestnut" and has a wormhole appearance. The local black walnut is even rarer and more valuable.

    Chestnut:

    IThe most widely used wood for window frames, sideboards, chests of drawers and other kitchen furniture. It was also used for beams in small houses. It was highly resistant, but demanded a long seasoning before use. Often the carpenters supported the boards on the wall of the house for the water from the eaves to run over them, washing off the "tannin," a substance produced by the chestnut.

    Poplar:

    Used for less expensive furniture and, when before plywood was available for those more valuable. The Agathon cottonwood, now almost entirely disappeared, had similar veining to walnut and would be used once it was varnished if walnut was not available or they did not want to cut the precious fruit tree. The Agathon, tall and sturdy, was suitable for long beams; after the seasoning, it became light and easy to handle and transport.

    Toulipiér:

    This is a wood that is obtained from the trunks of liriodendron tulipifera, a tree from the Central Eastern area of the United States. Its name, derived from the French, comes from its flowers, similar to yellow tulips. Being a tree that grows tall and straight, it provides timber with characteristics of machinability, stability and specific gravity that make it suitable for a multitude of uses. It has light colors and prominent dark or greenish veins with mottling and medium-hard consistency. It is particularly appreciated, in addition to being economical, for the excellent reaction to treatments with paints, stains and fillers; when dyed, it resembles walnut.

    Oak:

    Oak wood was used rarely for furniture because it is hard to work; it must be completely dry and slightly firm; that is, without sap. Currently, it is often used for the production of stairs, steps and external doors, which tend to be highly prized.

    Cherry:

    Suited for furniture In the past, rooms could be furnished in either walnut or cherry; the two types of wood were not mingled. There are those who prefer a red hue similar to mahogany, or au naturel.

    Beech:

    Quality may vary. Because of its flexibility, it was suitable for the shafts of oxcarts and handcarts. Currently it works very well for cutting boards and pastry boards.

    Pine:

    It is not a fine wood. The tree is difficult to work; it is hard to cut. However, forest pine is often used. Today, the best quality wood is from Sweden because it is very ductile.

    Spruce:

    Forest wood was found in planks in a few local stores or hardware stores. It was used for beams, window frames, furniture and kitchen furnishings, and bedroom furniture bases. The best spruce sawmills are located in Austria.

     

    TYPES OF POLISH AND DECORATION

    Finishing spray, walnut and cherry color

    Antique buffed finish

    Wax finishing

    Varnish over gesso

    Modern and synthetic varnish

    Decorated furniture

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